Peru, Chile, and Argentina

  • peru


    • The capital of Perú is Lima. The natives called their city "Limaq" but the Spaniards that conquered them could not pronounce the "q" so they changed the name to Lima.

    • Lima is known as the "The City of Kings" because it was founded by the Spaniards during the "Three Kings Day" holiday.

    • The Andes Mountain Range passes through Peru.

    • You can find llamas in the mountains of Peru.

    • The Incas were the indigenous people that lived in Peru.

    • The Incas built a huge ancient city named Machu Picchu. Today Machu Picchu is a very popular place for tourists. If you visit Machu Picchu, be careful with altitude sickness!

    • Cuy, a type of guinea pig, is a traditional dish served in Peru. ¡Sabroso!

    • Peru shares Lake Titicaca with Bolivia. Lake Titicaca is the largest lake in South America and one of the highest commercially navigable lakes in the world. If you visit Lake Titicaca you have to also be careful of altitude sickness!

    • In Lake Titicaca, you can visit handmade floating islands called "uros". 

  • chile


    • The capital of Chile is Santiago.

    • Chile is a long and skinny country.

    • Chile has a chain of about 2,000 volcanoes dotted along the Andes. It has the second largest volcano chain in the world only after Indonesia.

    • The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest place on earth. 

    • Chile is the largest producer of uvas (grapes) in the world.

    • Easter Island belongs to Chile.

    • Moai are huge and mysterious headstone statues that were built a long time ago on Easter Island.

    • The movie Hop is supposed to take place on Easter Island.

    • Chile shares Patagonia with Argentina. 

  • argentina


    • The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. 

    • Buenos Aires means "good air" in English.

    • Argentina is the largest of the Spanish speaking countries in South America.

    • Argentina is home to the widest waterfall in the world, Iguazu Falls.

    • The Andes Mountain Range pass through Argentina.

    • El tango is the national dance of Argentina.

    • Soccer is the most popular sport in Argentina.

    • Argentina's national drink is a bitter tea called maté.

    • Argentina created Dulce de leche, a caramel-flavored ice cream made with milk and sugar.