Perú, Chile, and Argentina
The capital of Perú is Lima. The natives called their city "Limaq" but the Spaniards that conquered them could not pronounce the "q" so they changed the name to Lima.
Lima is know as the "The City of Kings" because it was founded by the Spaniards during the "Three Kings Day" holiday.
The Andes Mountain Range pass thorugh Peru.
You can find llamas in the mountains of Peru.
The Incas were the indegenous people that lived in Peru.
The Incas built a huge ancient city named Machu Picchu. Today Machu Picchu is a very popular place for tourists. If you visit Machu Picchu, be careful with altitude sickness!
Cuy, a type of guine pig, ia a traditional dish served in Peru. ¡Sabroso!
Peru shares Lake Titicaca with Bolivia. Lake Titicaca is the largest lake in South America and one of the highest comercially navigable lakes in the world. If you visit lake Titicaca you have to also be careful with altitude sickness!
In Lake Titicaca you can visit handmade floating islands called "uros".
Chile is a very long and skinny country.
The capital of Chile is Santiago.
Chile has a chain of about 2,000 volcanoes dotted along the Andes. It has the second largest volcano chain in the world only after Indonesia.
The Atacama Desert, one of the world's driest deserts, is in Chile.
Chile is the largest producer of uvas (grapes) in the world.
Easter Island belongs to Chile.
On Easter Island there are huge and mysterious stone statues that were built a long time ago. The statues are called moai.
Argentina is the biggest Spanish-speaking country in South America.
The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires means "good air" in English.
Iguazu Falls in Argentina are the widest waterfalls in the world.
Argentina's national drink is a bitter tea called maté.
Argentina created Dulce de leche, a caramel flavored ice cream made with milk and sugar.
The Andes Mountains go through Argentina.
The tango is the national dance of Argentina.
Soccer is the most popular sport in Argentina.
Click the links below to watch the videos about the countries.