• Literary Terms


    1. Main character- the character who goes through the most change in the novel must tell how

    2. Setting- time and place

    3. Point of View-

      1. First Person

      2. Third Person

      3. Third Person Shifting- reader knows inner thoughts of certain characters, this may change throughout the novel (from chapter to chapter)

      4. Third Person Limited- reader knows inner thoughts of only one character

      5. Third Person Omniscient- reader knows inner thoughts of all characters at all times

    4. Plot- sequence of events

      1. Exposition-background and setting

      2. Narrative Hook-that moment when the first action of the story begins; “hooks” the reader

      3. Rising Action- events leading up to climax; action and suspense continue to build

      4. Climax- point of no return; decisions made at this point seal character’s fate in story; significant change for main character

      5. Falling Action-events that result from the climax and lead to a resolution

      6. Resolution- conclusion of the story; all conflicts are resolved; not all stories have a “neat” resolution

    5. Theme- author’s message to the reader

    6. Conflict- problems or struggle between two opposing forces

      1. Internal- conflict within a character

      2. External-struggle occurring between two or more characters; can be seen

    7. Irony- difference between what the reader expects to happen and what actually happens

    8. Foreshadowing- the author’s use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story

    9. Flashback- a scene within the story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occurred in the past; pieces of the exposition can be discovered in flashback

    10. Figurative Language-writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally

      1. Metaphor- a figure of speech in which something is described as though it is something else

      2. Personification- a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics

      3. Simile- a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison to relate events that occurred in the past

    11. Symbolism- an item that represents something or an idea that is much greater than it is